Farm Bill Programs
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP): CRP offers annual payments for 10-15 year contracts to participants who establish grass, shrub and tree cover on the environmentally sensitive lands. Enrollment offers are ranked for selection using the Environmental Benefits Index (EBI), which weighs six environmental factors and cost.
CRP also includes:
- State Acres For wildlife Enhancement (SAFE)
- Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP)
- Farmable Wetlands Program (FWP)
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP): WRP allows for the purchase of long-term or perpetual easements and cost-share to producers who agree to restore wetlands on agricultural land.
Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP): WHIP provides cost-share for projects developing or enhancing wildlife habitat through 5- and 10-year contracts.
Farmland Protection Program (FPP): FPP provides funds to states, tribal or local governments and nonprofit organizations to help purchase development easements on productive farmland. Eligible lands include cropland, rangeland, grassland, pastureland and forestland.
Conservation Security Program (CSP): The new CSP provides paymetns to producers for adopting various management, vegetative and structural practices that benefit a "resource of concern" such as soil, water and wildlife habitat. Both cropland and grazing lands are eligible.
Producers participate at one of three levels or tiers:
- Tier I contacts address at least one resource of concern for 5 years
- Tier II contacts are for 5-10 years that address at least one resource concern over an entire operation
- Tier III contacts are for 5-10 years and address multiple resource concerns over an entire operation
Report language allows for alternative uses of lands incidental to the farming operation to be eligible as a wildlife habitat in CSP (e.g. center pivot corners, small odd areas).
Grassland Reserve Program (GRP): GRP assists landowners through long-term contracts or easements in restoring grassland and conserving native prairie.
Environmental Quaility Incentives Program (EQIP): EQIP provides technical assistance and cost-share payments to assist crop and livestock producers with environmental and conservation improvements. Wildlife habitat practices are specifically maintained as a purpose of the program.
Conservation Practice (CP33):
3rd Party Technical Assistance (TA): TA for program implementation is to come directly from individual program accounts. The Secretary of Agriculture is directed to develop and implement a system for approving third party providers, including nonprofit organizations like Quail Forever.
Forest Land Enhancement Program (FLEP):
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP):
Additional sites of interest: